What is a Full Stack Developer: Required Skills and Responsibilities


To put it in simple words, computer programmers who are adept at both front and back-end coding are known as full-stack developers. Their primary task is to create servers and databases for website functionality, build website user interfaces and write code for mobile platforms.

We will have a detailed analysis of Full Stack Developer and the nuances of the field.

Understanding What is a Full Stack Developer

A full-stack web developer is a professional who is skilled and capable of developing both the ends- Front-end and Back-end of Web development. The term "full stack technology" describes the complete depth of an application in a computer system. All the features that are accessible to clients or site visitors are located at the front end of a website.

What is a Full Stack Developer

Developing a browser's code by using Angular, JavaScript, jQuery, or Vue. Setting up a server by using Python, PHP, ASP, or Node. Imagine you are utilizing the Instagram app. Every time you refresh your screen, fresh feeds or materials are loaded.  You may perform various activities such as searching profiles, liking pictures, creating new profiles, and many more. The user experience seems flawless, yet it entails numerous work in the background. For loading and retrieving, HTTP connections are implemented to the Instagram servers. Backend frameworks help to make this possible. A database, front-end, and back-end make up an application. 

A Full Stack Developer engages in every stage of an application's development. He/She constructs a program's both front end and back end also, simultaneously ensuring it fulfills all the required capabilities.

Essential Skills of A Full-Stack Developer

Let's delve into the skills and abilities crucial for becoming a full-stack developer now that you are aware of what they do.

Front-end Frameworks and Languages


HTML: The way text and images appear on the screen is controlled by the hypertext markup language. in its full standard form, it is- Hyper Text Markup Language. The following elements are used in formatting the text:

  • Heading
  • Paragraphs
  • Pop-ups, and more. 
  • It frequently consists of tags that provide meaning to the words in a document structure.



Different web components can have their font, size, spacing, and other properties changed and styled using CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), a style sheet. It adds aesthetics and appeals to the website's content.



The key objective of this robust client-side programming language is to maximize user engagement with the application. It provides a number of libraries and frameworks, including JQuery, Angular, React, and Vue. A full-stack developer is required to possess in-depth comprehension of at least one of these tools.

Back-end Frameworks and Technologies

  • The ecosystem of Javascript, such as NodeJS and ExpressJS
  • JavaScript apps and server-side utilities can be made by programmers using the free, cross-platform execution environment known as Node. Understanding the basics of the command line, such as npm, is essential (Node Package Manager).
  • In particular, Java, which was created from the ground up to run on servers. Java and Spring Server Faces are known as the two prominent frameworks of Java.
  • The most frequently used language is python. It is adaptable and simple to use. The Python frameworks like Django and Flask are utilized for backend development. Django, which is a high-level python web framework, allows the quick creation of websites/. It is free and open-source and boasts of catering to a sizable and vibrant user community. 
  • Many people prefer the C# programming language regarding backend programming in Windows settings.
  • Perl, Ruby, and PHP are other programming languages that are relevant.


Database Management Systems

Full-stack Developers develop the code required to implement relational mapping that is used to retrieve data from a database. A number of DBMS are used, and some of the most widely used include MongoDB, SQL Server, MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle Database. A solid comprehension of their operating mechanism is also critical. 


Version Control

These systems aid in controlling project files and monitoring the user's whole item history. GitHub, Git, and Subversion are popular ones. 

Git aids with project file management. It keeps a complete history of all work done by the user. GitHub is the name of a web-based Git version management service. The user has the ability to review other people's code, spot issues or errors, and even offer changes.


Web Hosting Platforms

You can publish your product to a cloud service provider for online access using web hosting platforms. A few popular ones are Google Cloud Platforms, Microsoft Azure, Amazon Web Services, and Heroku.

Soft Skills of A Full Stack Developer

Below are the few soft skills that are fundamental for a Full-stack Developer:

  • Creativity - This skill is necessary to fully grasp the project's goal and develop a product that catches the attention of the targeted market. 
  • Strategic planning - A developer is required to plan the design phases, implementation, and development of the plan strategically. This skill is a must to ensure the growth of each stage.  
  • Analytical Skills - As explanatory with the name itself, this skill is necessary to generate an accurate analysis of data and taking decisions and judgments that are rational and equally efficient. One can gain such quality through exposure. 
  • Problem-Solving Skills: This is a crucial skill for any developer for predicting errors and developing applications that are free of bugs. A seamless construction of tasks is only possible with excellent problem-solving skills.
  • Time Management Skills- This is another crucial quality developers should possess to meet deadlines and ensure proper task implementation.


What are the Responsibilities of a Full Stack Developer?

As mentioned earlier, Full-Stack Developers develop applications and websites by employing their computer language prowess. they are tasked with handling the entire software development process and lifecycle. As known by the name, they have expertise in both front-end as well as back-end.  The responsibilities of a full-stack Developer can be listed in the following points:

  • Front-end Development- Full-Stack developers have the duty of creating interactive user interfaces using frameworks and libraries like CSS/HTML and JavaScript. 
  • Develop the application's backend- Constructing a reliable backend architecture for retrieving data from the servers is a major task a developer performs. 
  • Making databases and servers - These systems must be equipped to operate without hindrances or interruptions and must be resilient to disruptions. And ensuring this functionality is a critical task for a Full-Stack Developer.
  • Cross-platform compatibility: For applications like MacOS, Linux, and Windows to function properly, this feature must be ensured 
  • API development - API Creation based on the application architecture is a responsibility that developers should efficiently carry out. API performs critical functions of obtaining data from the server. 
  • Full-Stack Developers must have the caliber to develop responsive applications that will fulfill and maintains the interests and criteria of Users. 

Salary of A Full Stack Developer

As with any profession, the salary of a Full-Stack Developer varies depending on various factors such as the company, location, and experience level of the professional. As per the PayScale analysis, in the USA, the salary of a Full-stack developer at the average is USD 75K approximately. While in India, a Full-Stack Developer earns an average annual salary package of INR 6 Lakhs. 

How to Become a Full-Stack Developer

Becoming a Full-stack developer shouldn't be a complex process for anyone interested and possess the requisite skills. It is important to equip yourself with a solid understanding of the numerous technologies involved in Web applications. As we discussed earlier, PHP, JavaScript, CSS, HTML, and AJAX are crucial components that one should master to become a full-stack developer. The Knowledge of these technologies should be coupled with the know-how of using them practically. And lastly, deploying them and maintaining your web applications is a criterion you must fulfill. If you have this prowess in your command, you already know how to become a Full-Stack Developer

Full-Stack Development jobs are an emerging trend in the job market. This discipline is poised to continue being in demand for the coming future and dominate the job market. Hence, letting your interest take shape and molding it into a promising career would take you far in the future.

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