What are the 5 types of cyber security?


We live in an age where the usage of the internet has become seemingly inevitable. There has been a recent hike in the number of internet users for personal uses as well as organizations across the globe shifting their work online for business purposes. Another causal factor in the surged internet usage is the spike in smartphones, laptops, and computers becoming more of a basic need than a luxury. 

Learning new things has become as quick and easy with just a click away. Despite the Internet's manifold benefits, one key difficulty faced by practically all businesses is the threat of cyber-attacks and viruses. According to reports, cyber-attacks will cause a total loss of US$6 million to the worldwide economy by 2021.

Now that information technology is crucial, fostering a safe environment is equally critical and, this is where the work of Cyber security course comes into play.

Let us explore the five types of Cyber security that are critical in mitigating cyber-attacks across all enterprises and sectors. 

Application Security: Application security thwarts cyber-security breaches by implementing hardware and software methods. Companies and organizations can discover sensitive data sets and secure them with specialized applications regarding the datasets using an application security network. At the app level, this is the method of safeguarding sensitive data. The majority of these security precautions should be put in place before the app is released. The user may be required to enter a strong password as part of the application's security.

Owing to the fact that applications are considerably more accessible across networks, security measures must be implemented at the development phase of the project.

Application security comes in a variety of forms, such as anti-virus software, firewalls, and encryption software. These aid with the prevention of unlawful access. Companies can also detect and secure sensitive data assets via application security processes linked to these data sets.

Network Security:  Network security is a method for protecting computer networks from unauthorized access, targeted attacks, and opportunistic viruses. Because the Internet connects a variety of networks to a large number of websites, businesses are frequently targeted for unwanted infiltration and malicious intent. Because many websites use third-party cookies, users' activities are also logged. This can help businesses grow their operations, but it also puts customers at risk of fraud and sexual exploitation. As a result, enterprises must implement a security program to monitor the internal network and infrastructure in order to combat cyber attacks and viruses linked with the network. 

Organizations should prioritize improving their network security by putting in place robust policies and measures to safeguard from cyber attacks. 

In order to enhance network security, the following methods as recommended by experts should be implemented:

  • Additional Logins
  • Password Changes
  • Antivirus software
  • The use of firewalls
  • Invisibility Mode
  • Internet access that is being monitored
  • The use of encryption

Cloud Security:  Enterprises are increasingly moving towards artificial intelligence for enhancing operations and customer experiences and to function more efficiently. It is challenging for companies to retain data in tangible form due to the abundance of data accessible at each stage of organizational setup. Furthermore, the majority of this data is unstructured and comes from unknown sources, creating a security risk to the organization's network. 

The majority of our online lives are saved on the cloud. For storage, most individuals use online services like Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive, and Apple iCloud. Because of the large amounts of data kept on these platforms, it is critical that they stay safe at all times.

Business services stored in a data center can also be included in cloud security. Consider the end-user interface, data storage security, backup procedures, and human mistake that exposes the network when ensuring suitable cloud security measures are in place.

Critical Infrastructure Facility: Cybersecurity for Critical Infrastructure

The critical infrastructure cybersecurity technique is used to protect critical infrastructure systems. They are systems that societies rely upon greatly. 

The major and critical infrastructures include hospitals, electricity grid, traffic lights, shopping malls, and establishments of water purification, etc. Although they do not pose as vulnerable points directly, they could act as the conduit for infecting the endpoints for cyber malware.

To mitigate the risk of cyber infection or cyber assaults, companies in charge of key infrastructure must gain access to weak areas in order to secure the businesses they are responsible for. firms that are heavily reliant on vital infrastructure must make it a priority point to assess cyber assaults and the damage level. A contingent plan is a must for firms to ensure safety from such security strains.

Security for the Internet of Things: If you are talking about the next revolution tool, it is the internet of things. Securing and protecting digital devices and networks has become the No. 1 precedence as any firm is at risk that employs the internet of things. The year 2021 has been designated to have an IoT market expansion of 520 billion dollars as per the prediction made by Bain and Company. Securing the IoT and networks entail providing users with multi-variants of crucial as well as non-crucial equipment including appliances, sensors wifi-routers, and printers, etc. The risk of security has been an impediment for firms to install IoT. Connecting the system with IoT security provides organizations with insightful analytics, legacy embedded systems, and a secure network.

Generally, to defend against suspicious activity, cyber security is required in general to govern the conduct and manners of dealing with computer systems. In a world when even our kitchen appliances and cars are connected to the internet, cyber hackers have an unlimited opportunity to inflict havoc. IT security specialists, whose primary purpose is to keep our data safe, will adapt to new technologies as hackers do.

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